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    #Hashtag Hong Kong

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    Listen to #Hashtag Hong Kong every Sunday morning at 8.15

    Focussing on issues affecting civil society, we'll hear from representatives of NGOs, associations, statutory bodies, and non-profit groups.

    (Sundays 8.15am - 8.25am)



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    29/01/2023
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    Jacky Ng, Chairman of Internet Society Hong Kong

    History of Data Privacy Day

     

    Data Privacy is not a new topic, and it can be dated back to the early 70’s before the popularization of computers and internet. The first Data Protection Law was established in 1970 in German, which happened even earlier than the birth of World Wide Web in 1989. Then the US Government passed its Privacy Act in 1974, and so did other European countries. Nowadays, data privacy laws and regulations are so common all around the world. The development goes on and never ends – and so does the number of privacy data leakages every year.

     

    Therefore, the international event, Data Privacy Day, occurs every year on the 28th of January in order to raise awareness and promote privacy and data protection best practices.

     

     

    To echo with the Data Privacy Day, let us cover the following three questions today:

     

    a)       First, what is private data?

    b)      Second, why is it important to protect our private data? and

    c)       Third, what can the general public do?

     

     

    First, what is private data?

    Talking about private data, it is often that people mix it up with personal data.

     

    In general, personal data is any piece of information that someone can use to identify, with some degree of accuracy, a living person such as name, age, gender, ID number and email address.

     

    On the other hand, private data is the sensitive and confidential information about an individual, or even businesses, organizations and communities. Such data must be treated with extra security such as genetic data and biometric data for individuals; industrial designs for businesses; and internal documents for governments.

     

    Second, why it is important to protect our private data?

    In 2021, the PCPD, Office of the Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data of Hong Kong found that data breach notifications from organizations increased 36% year-on-year. The data breach incidents involved hacking, system misconfiguration, unauthorized access to personal data by employees, loss of documents or portable devices, inadvertent disclosure of personal data by emails or post, and accidental erasure of personal data, etc.

     

     

     

    With the worrying increase in data breaches, the consequences could be badly happened in both short-run and long-run in the hands of cybercriminals. Let us imagine the following three situations.

     

    a)       An individual exposes his/her fingerprints or facial recognition data. Criminals can then open a bank account on behalf of him/her to execute money laundering and terrorist financing.

    b)      A business loses its industrial designs before launching or registering intellectual property. Its competitor can do first and capture the market share as the inventor.

    c)       A country leaks its national weapon secrets to other enemy countries. It damages the national security. The country could be attacked without a proper defence, affecting the lives of million people.

     

    So… What can our general public do?

    Prevention is always our best option. Here are some of the actions that general public can do.

    a)       First of all, to raise our self-awareness on the importance of private data. Some may think cybersecurity sounds far away from them, but everyone can be the next victim. 58% of Hong Kong residents said their data, or the data of someone they know, was once leaked, which increased by 4% compared to 2021, according to the research by YouGov in November 2022.

    b)      Second, to apply password management tools properly. The same research found that only 4% of Hong Kong residents did it correctly.

    c)       Third, to remove and block the access of any unknown mails, unauthorized applications, and suspected websites.

    d)      Lastly, to regularly update data protection tools so that they can properly monitor data access and timely alert any unauthorized access.

     

    In Hong Kong, individuals are protected by the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance defined by the government, and the Personal Information Protection Law defined by the country. Both regulate the collection, holding, processing, disclosure, and usage of personal and private data; and ultimately, protect the rights and interests of individuals.

     

    Last but not least, I’d like to dedicate “One Call Away” by Charlie Puth to those who experienced data leakage unfortunately. Do report to the police if you encounter any data breaches or give a call to cybersecurity experts to strengthen protection if you run a business!

    29/01/2023 - 足本 Full (HKT 08:15 - 08:30)

    29/01/2023 - Jacky Ng, Chairman of Internet Society Hong Kong

    重溫

    CATCHUP
    11 - 01
    2022 - 2023
    香港電台第三台

    29/01/2023

    Jacky Ng, Chairman of Internet Society Hong Kong

    22/01/2023

    Chris Tse, the Chairman, Institute of Financial Planners of Hong Kong

    15/01/2023

    Zoe Lee, Chief Strategy Officer, Food Angel

    08/01/2023

    Chin Chin Lam, Climate Youth Advocate from CarbonCare InnoLab (CCIL) and also a youth delegate at COP27 (The annual United Nations Climate Change Conference)

    01/01/2023

    Dr Ning Fan, founder of Health in Action

    25/12/2022

    Catherine Tong Dannaoui, Executive Director of HandsOn Hong Kong

    18/12/2022

    David Lai, Deputy Research Director, MWYO

    11/12/2022

    Angus Ho, Executive Director of Greeners Action

    04/12/2022

    27/11/2022

    Fay Siu, Chief Executive, Association for the Rights of Industrial Accident Victims
    X

    Yvonne Chak, Director of the Hong Kong Christian Service

    Are you taking care of your loved one? It is always a heartwarming but demanding and frustrating duty to take care of your old aged loved one, especially during the chaotic period of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Here, I would like to share with you two stories about two carers. 86-year-old Aunt Mak is a very tough old lady who takes care of her 98-year-old husband. Her husband is completely blind with limited mobility, which means he is totally dependent on Aunt Mak in his everyday life. Unfortunately, he was infected with Omicron in late February. Aunt Mak devoted all her time and attention into taking good care of her husband and kept their home as clean as possible. But the fear and anxiety that resulted, led to a number of sleepless nights for Aunt Mak.

    My second story is about Mr Chan, a 79-year-old who has to take care of his wife, suffering from dementia. Mr Chan lives in a shadow of isolation that not many people can understand. Mr Chan says looking after his wife makes him feel like he is taking care of a little child. Everyday, Mr Chan runs in a repetitive cycle, where he has to ask his cognitively impaired wife to eat, take medication, put on clothes, and stay away from any dangerous situations. Though both Mr and Mrs Chan had recovered from COVID-19, Mr Chan feels very lonely as no one can easily share his burden, thoughts and feelings, especially under the current pandemic.     

     

    Problems faced by Aunt Mak and Mr Chan are just the tip of the iceberg. Hong Kong Christian Service surveyed nearly 300 carers of the elderly in April this year to find out more about the difficulties they faced, and also the support measures they needed during COVID-19. The results are worrying and noteworthy.

     

    Results showed that around 21% of carers were aged 65 or above, which means that many elderly people were actually taking care of the elderly. The survey also found that over 85% of carers were suffering from mild to severe depression. Almost one out of ten carers frequently thought they “would be better off dead,” or had considered self-harm. There is no doubt that the pandemic has placed a heavy burden on the carers.

     

    Findings from the survey also showed that four of the five most common difficulties encountered by carers were related to the pandemic and medical information, including difficulty understanding the government’s quarantine arrangements, lack of accurate medical information, confusion in reporting self-test positive results and inadequate knowledge about COVID-19. Besides, the “me time” of carers was reduced because they needed to take care of their elders at home around the clock during the pandemic.

    And regarding the support measures, almost 60% of carers hoped that their elders could continue to have follow-up consultations with doctors about their chronic illness and access the medicines they need during COVID-19. Other effective measures they needed were early identification of elders with special needs, efficient follow-up to the infected elders, short-term food assistance services for those in quarantine and accessible ambulance services.

     

    Based on the findings of our survey, we urge the government and all stakeholders to work together in implementing the following recommendations: First, the district-based support network should be strengthened. For instance, the government can maintain a list of high-risk individuals to effectively identify families with special needs and coordinate district groups in the distribution of anti-epidemic supplies and daily necessities to those infected. Also, the primary care system in each district should be better utilised. With an effective triage system, priority should be given to the frail elders for medical treatment and quarantine.

     

    And finally, we encourage carers to pay more attention to their mental health and seek professional help as soon as possible if necessary, and the government should enhance post-pandemic emotional support in order to rebuild the mental health of those in need.

     

    While there is no sign that COVID-19 will go away anytime soon, the carers and their elders need our support to get through these challenging times, and we must let them know that they are not alone. I would like to dedicate to all carers in Hong Kong a cover of Michael Jackson’s “Heal the World” by Korean Singer J.Fla. Our world may be full of wounds. Together, by instilling hope and promoting harmony, we can heal the world. We can make a better place for our elderly and a better future for our children. 

    香港電台第三台

    12/06/2022 - 足本 Full (HKT 08:15 - 08:30)

    12/06/2022 - Yvonne Chak, Director of the Hong Kong Christian Service

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