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    #Hashtag Hong Kong

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    Listen to #Hashtag Hong Kong every Sunday morning at 8.15

    Focussing on issues affecting civil society, we'll hear from representatives of NGOs, associations, statutory bodies, and non-profit groups.

    (Sundays 8.15am - 8.25am)



    最新

    LATEST
    09/06/2024
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    Dr Cheng Luk Ki, Director of Green Power

    Spring is hot and deadly this year

    The Hong Kong Observatory has reported that high temperatures in April this year are record-breaking. Concurrently, Southeast Asia also experienced historically high temperatures in April this year due to the strong El Niño phenomenon. Many Southeast Asian cities recorded temperatures exceeding 40 degrees Celsius. Even located at a higher latitude, Japan’s average temperature last April was the highest in nearly 130 years.

     

    The temperature in Hong Kong in April has not always risen significantly in the past. The abnormal temperature increase in April this year may tell us that climate change is precisely changing Hong Kong's seasonal climate.

     

    This year, the weather in Hong Kong continued to be rainy since mid-April, making everyone ignore that this April was about to set a historic abnormal temperature record. Under the joint impact of climate change and El Niño, Hong Kong recorded exceptionally high temperatures in April:

     

    the mean maximum temperature was 28.9 degrees, 3.3 degrees higher than the average value and 1.4 degrees higher than the previous highest value (in 1994);

    the mean temperature was 26.4 degrees Celsius, 3.4 degrees higher than the average value and 1.6 degrees higher than the previous highest value (in 1998);

    the mean minimum temperature was 24.6 degrees Celsius, 3.5 degrees higher than the average and 1.7 degrees higher than the previous highest value (in 1998).

     

    Moreover, these temperatures on most days throughout the last April were above the average.

     

    If we look into the figures of the top records of April temperature rankings in the past, we will find that the difference between two consecutive rankings is mostly within 0.1 degrees Celsius, and rarely more than 0.5 degrees Celsius.

    However, the monthly mean maximum, mean and mean minimum temperatures in April this year are 1.4, 1.6 and 1.6 degrees higher than the previous highest records. The temperatures of April 2024 were unprecedently far higher.

     

    April is usually the hottest month in mainland Southeast Asia such as Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia. Extreme high temperatures will happen in this month when the intensity of El Niño in previous winter is high. The meteorologists call these Aprils “post-Nino” Aprils and this situation has been worsened by global warming in recent years.

     

    The last time extremely high temperatures occurred in mainland Southeast Asia was in April 2016, and that year there was also a strong El Niño phenomenon that occurred in the previous winter.

     

    However, unlike mainland Southeast Asia, Hong Kong did not use to record unusually high temperatures in April during El Niño years such as 2016. Although Hong Kong did not experience extremely hot weather in April this year, the abnormally high-temperature record may imply that the “post-Nino” Aprils phenomenon is extending from mainland Southeast Asia to southern China, and causing Hong Kong's summer to start earlier.

     

    Hong Kong’s “Post-Nino” April this year also shows that climate change can significantly change the weather of a certain month which will be exacerbated under the influence of climatic cycles such as El Niño.

     

    Hot weather can be deadly. Heat-related death cases increased throughout Southeast Asia countries in this spring season. In Hong Kong, according to the results of a local hot weather-related mortality study conducted by the Chinese University of Hong Kong, when the local average daily temperature exceeds 28.2 degrees Celsius, the mortality rate will increase by 1.8% for every 1-degree increase.

     

    Checking the data of the Hong Kong Observatory, the number of high-temperature days (i.e. the daily mean temperature exceeds 28.2 degrees Celsius) increased from some 70 days to more than 100 days from 2000 to 2023. According to the study, the risk of death related to high-temperature weather in Hong Kong has increased significantly by 1.5 times over the past two decades.

     

    Looking into the future, according to projections by the Hong Kong Observatory based on data from various global climate models of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Hong Kong's annual mean temperature will range from 24.6 to 27.1 degrees Celsius by the end of this century. Then, the number of deaths triggered by high temperatures will increase by 55 to 554 cases compared with 2022. The situation cannot be ignored.

     

    Environmental Protection Department’s research report on assessing the health and economic impacts of air pollution in Hong Kong set the “Value of Statistical Life (VSL)” at HK$20 million (2022 value). Based on this figure, by the end of this century, the economic loss due to death caused by high-temperature weather in Hong Kong due to climate change will range from HK$1.11 billion to HK$11.08 billion.

     

    We can expect that Hong Kong’s high-temperature weather is likely to extend beyond summer in the future. We have checked the Observatory data and found that from 2000 to 2023, the months with the fastest increase in mean temperature were March, September and November (about an increase of 0.7 degrees Celsius per decade). The months with the fastest temperature increase are in spring and autumn. This means that in the future, the risk of death caused by high-temperature weather will also extend to months other than summer.

     

    Under the aggravating hot weather of Hong Kong, Green Power urges the Government to strengthen urgently the city's ability to adapt to high temperatures and reduce the exposure of citizens to extremely high temperatures, including adding more shaded pedestrian corridors, strengthening community heat shelter services for the needed and reducing the heat sources in our living environment such as exhaust gas from the vehicles. At the same time, public health policies and medical services need to be improved to respond to the increasing risk of death caused by high temperatures. Ultimately the local carbon emission reduction measures must be accelerated to reduce economic and human losses caused by hot weather in the long term.


    And now I'd like to dedicate this song for everyone in Hong Kong. "The other side of the sun" by Janis Ian. Thank you and Enjoy!

    09/06/2024 - 足本 Full (HKT 08:15 - 08:30)

    09/06/2024 - Dr Cheng Luk Ki, Director of Green Power

    重溫

    CATCHUP
    04 - 06
    2024
    香港電台第三台

    09/06/2024

    Dr Cheng Luk Ki, Director of Green Power

    02/06/2024

    Janet Wong, from Junior Chamber International Tai Ping Shan

    26/05/2024

    Koonie Chan, Executive Board Member of Hong Kong Seeing Eye Dog Services

    19/05/2024

    Dr Joey Chan, Secretary of the Hong Kong Society of Sleep Medicine and CUHK Associate Professor (Clinical) Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, CUHK

    12/05/2024

    Dr. Anthony Ying, the Chairman of the Cancer Prevention/Early Detection Subcommittee of the Hong Kong Anti-Cancer Society

    05/05/2024

    iu Vor, Vice President of Hong Kong Entomological Society

    28/04/2024

    Faride Shroff, the Founder and CEO of SENsational Foundation

    21/04/2024

    Simon Wong, President of the Hong Kong Federation of Restaurants & Related Trades

    07/04/2024

    Ryan Yeung, Founder and CEO, Happy-Retired Charity Action
    X

    Phoebe See , Coordinating Secretary of The Chinese YMCA of Hong Kong

    Hi I am Phoebe See Man-yan, the Coordinating Secretary of The Chinese YMCA of Hong Kong.

     

    Photographs and videos capture the joyous moments and giggles of family gatherings. Parents would often like to cherish every second and tell the world that their children are the prettiest and most precious thing to them.

     

    Nowadays, "sharenting" has become a popular trend wherein parents eagerly upload photographs or videos featuring their children to various social media platforms. Regrettably, this seemingly innocuous act may cause emotional distress in some children, making them feel uncomfortable and embarrassed.

     

    The Chinese YMCA of Hong Kong interviewed around 800 parents and 1,100 primary and secondary school students from September to November last year. The findings revealed that more than 80% of the surveyed parents shared their children's information on social media platforms, with nearly 32% sharing across multiple platforms. However, approximately 30% of parents did not obtain their children's consent before sharing photos or videos online, and nearly 40% rarely or never discussed their habits of sharing their children's information. Moreover, nearly 60% of surveyed parents believed that sharing their information would not cause their children to experience negative emotions such as embarrassment, annoyance, or anger.

     

    In terms of children's perspectives, nearly half of those surveyed were aware that their parents shared details about their daily lives online. In some cases, parents even created separate accounts just for this purpose. The children polled generally believed that parents should obtain their consent before sharing their information online, and more than 70% preferred that their parents not share their personal information online. Furthermore, nearly 30% were annoyed, while over 20% were angry at their parents for sharing their information without their consent.

     

    We recognize that parents often feel proud of their children's accomplishments and feel compelled to share these moments with others. However, oversharing may have negative outcome for their children. These include issues arising from the disclosure of personal information and the emergence of trust issues between parents and children, which negatively impact their relationship.

     

    Children of different age groups all need to feel safe and loved, and starting at the age of 7, they begin to desire respect. If these developmental psychological needs are not met, children may easily become passive, withdrawn, insecure, lacking trust in others, and struggling to establish relationships. They may even exhibit rebellious behaviour and resist actions that do not show them respect.

     

    Furthermore, "sharenting" may have unintended consequences, including the risk of jealousy and cyberbullying. Many parents see it as an adorable moment shared on social media, but it may disturb other children in the same picture as well. The worst-case scenario for the long-term consequences of "sharing" is that the children grow up only to discover that every intimate detail of their lives has been exposed online. These unerasable data are not only embarrassing but may also encourage criminals to use them for illegal activities.

     

    The Chinese YMCA proposes using the concept of "S.U.M.", that means Support, Understanding, and Mindfulness as a guiding principle for parents. As we encourage parents to practice mindfulness and be aware of their own internal needs, we also encourage introspection when seeking attention from the others. Parents should consider their motivations for sharing online, such as validation, social connection, or bonding with their children only. After all, parents' genuine affection for their children is more important than the number of “social media likes” they received.

     

    As technology continues to advance, it becomes crucial for parents to be mindful of the information they share about their children online. With that in mind, the Chinese YMCA would like to remind parents of a few important points. It is crucial to seek their children's consent before sharing any information about them. Also, parents should avoid exposing personal information about children, such as the full names, school names or whereabouts of their children, or uploading sensitive images of children. Always respect your children's decisions, respect their wishes if they want pictures to be removed.

     

    Before uploading photos of your children, take a moment to consider what needs you are trying to fulfill. Is it a need for approval from others? Is it a desire to feel connected to society? Remember, as a parent, your efforts towards your children deserve self-appreciation. And your love for them doesn't require constant validation through praise from the others.

    香港電台第三台

    28/01/2024 - 足本 Full (HKT 08:15 - 08:30)

    28/01/2024 - Phoebe See , Coordinating Secretary of The Chinese YMCA of Hong Kong