監製：Fong Hiu Shan
Traditional animal husbandry occupies 30% of the earth’s surface, consumes 25% of the fresh water and emits more greenhouse gases than land, sea and air transportation combined. A dozen years ago, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations stated that livestock raising was a major stressor on many ecosystems and addressed the issue of animal welfare. Can human beings stop eating meat? In recent years, meat production is approaching sustainability while animal farms have been installed in science laboratories. Are we marching towards a future of meat consumption without blood shedding?
In 2013, a burger priced at HK$ 2,500,000 debuted in a press conference in London, creating a sensation. Mark Post, a Dutch professor of vascular physiology showcased cultured beef, which was lab-grown meat developed from the stem cell technology applied in growing human tissues for transplantation.
In the US, food tech startups are flourishing to develop vegan meat. How does it take to build animal proteins out of plant proteins and create vegan meat with taste, texture and flavor that could possibly rival real meat? Scientists need to decode the secret of meat. Biological engineering professor, Fu-hung Hsieh, a Taiwanese residing in the US successfully recreated the texture of chicken. Emeritus professor of Stanford University, geneticist Patrick Brown discovered that the unique flavor of beef could be extracted from plant.
Located in the Caribbean Sea, Cuba was used to be the backyard of the US, however, right after the revolution overthrowing the governing sovereignty in 1959 and the establishment of a socialist republic, sanctions have been imposed on the country by the western world. From the 60s to early 90s, Cuba received tremendous subsidies from the USSR, for which Cuban people enjoyed decades of thriving. Unfortunately, the subsidies ceased to exist almost overnight with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, thus Cuban people fell victims to the verge of famine. Nevertheless, in 2006, barely fifteen years afterwards, Cuba had already got rid of hunger and transformed into the only country in the world to reach a sustainable development (WWF report). Cuba has maintained the status since then.
How did Cuba, an isolated Latin American country under an embargo, miraculously erase hunger from her continent? The story of a veteran, Rubber Man, is about recycling waste materials – abandoned tires to transform a barren slope into farmland. The story of a farmer, Miguel, is about fulfilling a humble wish of self-sufficiency, leading him to have created an agro-ecological farm, which attracts foreign scholars and agriculture researchers to visit and study. The story of Fernando, an educator and scholar educated in Holland, is about his commitment to the agriculture of his home country, by setting up a farm named after his mentor, who was his mother, to explore the conservation of traditional wisdom and the development of the rural area. The sustainability story of Cuba is a legend emerged from adversity.